When we were talking about "2030 goals" years ago, our own subconscious made us see that date so far away ... Today, we only have 1 decade ahead and there are many aspects of our life and our society that we must change to meet the proposed objectives. Within the international framework, there are some Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), whose fulfillment is vital for our society to look to the future in a sustainable way.
What are Sustainable Development Goals?
This initiative was promoted by the United Nations and is composed of 17 objectives and 169 goals in different areas: Climate change, economic inequality, sustainable consumption and peace and social justice, among others.
This plan, which focuses on 17 sustainable development goals, ranges from domestic public measures to external action and cooperation between countries for development. The SDG Agenda aims to move towards societies with economic equality, peace, social justice and especially with a sustainable environmental plan, which highlights the boost to renewable energy.
These goals are universal, so that all countries are called to collaborate in the same way, trying to address the roots of poverty, the inequality y planet degradation, and looking for a profoundly transforming effect. The Sustainable Development Goals are:
- End of poverty in the world
- To end hunger
- Health & Wellness
- Quality education
- Igualdad de son
- Clean water and sanitation
- Affordable and non-polluting energy
- Decent work and economic growth
- Industry, innovation and infrastructure
- Inequality reduction
- Sustainable cities and communities
- Responsible production and consumption
- Weather action
- Protect underwater life
- Protect life from terrestrial ecosystems
- Peace, justice and strong institutions
- International alliances to achieve objectives
Each of the member countries has the obligation to carry out a National Voluntary Exam, in which a Action plan, with the bases of action and the tools that you will use to get the SDG in 2030.
In Spain, on June 29, 2018, the Council of Ministers approved the Action Plan for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and forwarded it to the United Nations in support of the National Voluntary Exam to which Spain underwent last year in New York.
What is the action plan?
This plan seeks to urgently promote the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Spain, while starting the development of a Spanish Strategy for Sustainable Development which is expected to be completed throughout 2019 (the State of Climate Emergency was approved but the Strategy has not yet been established due to lack of governance).
The Action Plan has been carried out through a open, participatory and transparent process and hand in hand with the cooperation of all components and territorial administrations. It is divided into two aspects, on the one hand, the analysis of the state of the Sustainable Development Goals in Spain, the starting situation and a mapping of competencies responsibilities of all departments. And on the other hand, the actions that will be carried out to launch and promote this agenda today and in the coming years. These actions are intended to install new policies and public measures, to put this Agenda at the center of each country's policies, establishing follow-up formulas and setting objectives to demand accountability of all actors.
The Plan encompasses several areas that have political priority, the calls levers The leverage measures ensure that, in an effective manner, the objectives of the SDG These leverage measures are key to establishing sustainable development and are:
Prevention and fight against poverty, inequality and social exclusion.
I Strategic PlanEqual Opportunities.
Climate Change and Energy Transition Law.
Scientific investigation and technique for the SDGs.
Strategy from Social economy.
Plan of Open Government
Cooperation between countries.
The Plan includes many transformative measures, of a transversal nature, to lay the foundations sufficient for the SDGs to be a reality: to incite a public function with knowledge and capabilities to carry out the SDGs as well as education for sustainable development as a fundamental source of the education system; alignment of general budgets and public purchase of the State with the SDGs; SDG report of normative impact on all legislative activity; linking of the 2030 Agenda and the National Reform Plan; promotion of alliances among all actors; place the 2030 Agenda at the center of Spain's identity in the world; Pact for communication and online platform of the 2030 Agenda; Culture as a key element for transformation.
One of the most important aspects in the SDGs is the search for a cheap energy source. The high electricity prices In Spain they make many people have trouble accessing something as basic as electricity or natural gas. This aspect should be one of the first changes to achieve the objectives of the 2030 Agenda.