There is much talk about the different factors and consequences of climate change. Global warming, sea level rise, loss of biodiversity, the hole in the ozone layer ... There are many consequences of gas emissions and excessive consumption of meansbut specifically In Spain, the first and big problem we have to face against climate change are droughts.
The human being has always suffered the meteorological consequences in a vital way: floods, tornadoes, droughts, earthquakes ... Technological advances have allowed us to anticipate these events and fight against them to prevent subsequent consequences.
But in the case of droughts, the human being cannot intervene directly, since there is still no technological advance that causes water to fall on us.
That is why the greatest challenge in the short-medium term in terms of the environment is that derived from the consumption of water. Water, as we all know, is the main ingredient of life, of our biosphere and a necessary asset for human life, since without it, our existence would never have been possible and the extinction of drinking water would radically extinguish ours and many other species.
In Spain, this problem is more tangible than in many other countries. In our country there are problems with the water supply for years. Not only climate change is the culprit that our water reserves are increasingly empty or our lands are increasingly arid.
In Spain there are more than 1 million illegal water wells. That is, there is an illegal well for every 46 people in this country, levels comparable to underdeveloped countries. Water is a common good that according to many should not be a business, and it is a very precious asset, since many economic sectors fight over this resource (livestock, agriculture, tourism ...).
And our country is one of the countries with the highest level of desertification in Europe. More than 25% of our territory is considered desert, and there is a danger of desertification in many other places, so far perfectly fertile. In fact this year, and due to the lack of rain, Rice production in our country has decreased by 4%. In Andalusia, the land most punished by drought, this decline has caused the rice sector descend in the Andalusian community in almost 12%, a devastating situation for farmers and entrepreneurs.
In addition, many animal and plant species see their life cycle truncated since the most necessary vital resources are scarce. This situation also causes invasive species to invade the local ecosystem. and destroy the normal life cycle, something that also affects desertification.
But the big problem of water is, definitely, its commercial exploitation. Mineral water is a business, a big business, that companies like Nestle or Colacao take advantage of their bills to bill millions of euros. The water trade raises serious doubts regarding its sustainability, since if fresh (potable) water is in danger or shortage, and multinational companies keep the reserves that, by proximity, belong to the inhabitants of the land, we convert one of the essential resources for life in a simple product with which to market.
Making a simile that we surely understand, it is as if the oxygen is slowly running out, but the companies keep the one around us to sell it more expensive.
Among the solutions to face this delicate process, and above all, reverse it so that Spain does not lose that great biodiversity that makes us a tremendously rich country, are:
-Balance between river basins. In Spain we have numerous river basins, many of them enjoy important reserves and sometimes, sometimes, there are periods when they overflow, just as there are very empty or desert basins. We need a balance of transfers and a real water use policy.
-Fight against pollution of rivers and aquifers. Unfortunately, many of our rivers suffer the indiscriminate dumping of garbage and waste. In this sense, it is the corresponding industries that have to give an account and the administration is in charge of creating a much tougher policies against the contamination of these places.
-Resistance to drought and climate change. The objective of ecological transition, circular economy and renewable energy that they propose from many areas of our society and some political parties is more than known. It is essential that we fight for these changes to be at the center of our country's political agenda.
- Thequality infrastructure. In Spain we need to address this problem in a sharp and modern way, that is, we need to modernize supply services, treatment plants and, in short, infrastructure that makes water consumption an efficient and controlled process so that we can all enjoy the element that originated life on our planet and whose presence is fundamental to ours.